A study conducted by the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) has revealed that junk or ‘fake news’ is playing a significant role in the run-up to French and German elections.The Oxford Internet Institute is a multidisciplinary research and teaching department of the University of Oxford, dedicated to the social science of the Internet.On its website, it states that they hope to tackle the “big questions” of society, as well as to “shape the development of our digital world for the public good”.Their investigation of URLs shared on Twitter in the weeks leading up to the French election in particular also raised concerns about Russian involvement.Although in France almost half of the links pointed to professional news content, 15 per cent of content circulated came from professional political content produced by the government and political parties and 20 per cent to other sources of political news and information.Of this 20 percent, twelve percent of the links have been identified as known Russian sources, including Russia Today (RT). Around a quarter have been labeled as junk news, which does not come from Russian sources but from “other extremist, sensationalist sources including French extreme right wing websites”.The OII found that the bulk of France’s junk traffic targeted Emmanuel Macron, but that “highly automated accounts” also circulated large amounts of traffic about Francois Fillon, a pro-Russian candidate, and occasionally about Socialist candidate Benoit Hamon.It said that the run-up to German presidential elections in February “found Germans sharing four professionally produced news stories for every one piece of junk”. However, in both cases the OII concluded that French and German voters were sharing better quality news than US voters in the build-up to their election in November last year. Clementine Desigaud, an MSc student at the OII who was involved in the study, told Cherwell: “I worked more particularly on the French memo. We found a modest amount of junk news shared on Twitter this week, and the amount coming from known Russian sources was even more modest.”“However, the key takeaway is that French voters were sharing better quality news on Twitter than the US voters. For instance, in Michigan, in the days leading up to the US election, we found as much fake news as professional news shared on Twitter.“German voters were also sharing better quality news on Twitter than the US voters. In Germany, the amount of URL pointing to known Russian sources is similar to France.“So overall, it suggests that the German and French elections were less poisoned by fake news than the US election, and with a small amount of Russian content.”Jake Smales, a third year French and Spanish student currently working in Rouen, said: “The amount of junk news that circulates and the impact that can have on the outcome of an election really does worry me.“I’d like to think that most people can tell if an article or a Twitter account looks less credible, but I guess it is not so easy nowadays.“What is reassuring, however, is that this French election hasn’t been tarnished by junk news and meddling from outside parties to the same extent as the US election, or so it seems.“The French people I know have not been so concerned about this, although I cannot speak on behalf of everyone.”In order to conduct the study, the OII collected one week of data from Twitter, in February for Germany and in March for France, using a list of hash tags referring to each presidential election.
Naomh Muire 1-11 v Aodh Rua 0-6Naomh Muire are in the Intermediate Championship Final following today’s semi-final win over Aodh Rua. Aodh Rua started the livelier and the lads were finding it hard to get any rhythm allowing Aodh Rua to get into a 0-4 to -0-1 lead and was it not for poor finishing by the Erne-siders…..they could have created damage early on. Naomh Muire scored their way back into level and just before HT Paul the Yank Boyle converted a penalty putting the lads into a lead their possession may not have deserved. Aodh Rua overall would have been disappointed to be down by a goal at HT . The second half was a different performance by Naomh Muire and apart from the opening 5 mins – the lads went on to dominate the second half adding a further 6 points with Aodh Rua managing only a single score late on. It’s great to get to another Intermediate Championship final and that will be against the impressive St Nauls who beat Naomh Columba well last night. The prize is not only a county title at this level but Senior Championship football in 2014. St Naul’s are a physically strong team led by Stephen Griffen. Naomh Muire will have to play the full hour in the final and a slow start like today will be punished without doubt. If the lads however can repeat the purple patch of today’s match which was the last 20 mins of the second half….and ensure that it is carried over the full game…..they can topple St Naul’s. In a way its good to come out of a Semi with plenty of work to do and things to improve and with time now to do that. No doubt Danny and the backroom team will get the lads down to serious preparation over the coming weeks….to be an hour away from Senior Championship football in 2014 requires little motivation. Well done to Team and Management and again to a good support. The victory in a Semi-final is what matters and the team especially this years Minors involved dedicated the win to young Conor Boyle, their mate, who is critical in Hospital in the UK. Team – Bryan Grant, Robbie O’Donnell, Brian Gillespie, Thomas Duffy, Sean Point Gallagher (0-1), Adi O Gara, Jack O’Brien, Owenie McGarvey, Paul Yank Boyle (1-1), Dara White, Padraig Mc Cafferty (0-1), Patrick Gillespie (0-1),Shaun Yank Boyle (0-3) Ciaran McGinley (0-1) Hugh Yank Boyle (0-1).Subs used – Harry Harden (0-2), John Pidgeon, Shaun Boyle, Owen Grant.NAOMH MUIRE INTO FINAL AND DEDICATE WIN TO CONOR BOYLE was last modified: September 8th, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Conor BoylefinalNAOMH MUIRE read more